The European Parliament Resolution on the Violation of Human Rights in Ethiopia (1992)


4 (d) Resolution B3-1032 AND 1042/92

A. concerned at the persistent violation of human rights in Ethiopia,

B. deeply concerned at insecurity in the country as a whole, and in the south and south-east regions in particular, which is preventing emergency food aid from reaching the civilian population threatened with famine,

C. whereas the Ethiopian transitional government has acceded to the UN's Universal Declaration on Human Rights since the national conference held in July 1991, and whereas Ethiopia is a signatory to the Lome Convention,

D. disturbed at the arrest of some 20 Ethiopian refugees expelled from Sudan, on no apparent charge.

E. whereas those arrested on 1 June 1992 and subsequently expelled by the Sudanese authorities include Miss Tadele Demeke, a student at the University of East Anglia who had gone there under the auspices of the UNHCR,

F. whereas 18 political and ethnic organizations belonging to the Council of Representatives (the Ethiopian provisional parliament) requested the postponement of the regional election scheduled for 21 June 1992 on the grounds that large-scale irregularities had been committed during preparations for it,

G. whereas the international observers monitoring the conduct of this election condemned these irregularities,

1. Protests against the arrest of Tadele Demeke and the refugees and calls on the Ethiopian authorities to provide details as to where they are being held and the grounds for their arrest;

2. Notes that, one year after the EPRDF's taking power, Ethiopia is facing an unprecedentedly serious political and institutional crisis and that there is a danger of a widespread and bloody civil war taking hold there;

3. Strongly condemns the arrests and intimidation by the Ethiopian transitional government of opposition candidates during the regional elections;

4. Hopes that a regional conference (in which responsibilities will be determined by agreement between all political organizations) will be called as a matter of urgency to pave the way for the establishement of a democratic transitional government acceptable to the majority of the Ethiopian population;

5. Urges the Ethiopian government to release immediately Tadele Demeke and the refugees arrested merely because of their non-violent political opinions, and calls on it to respect the most basic rights of the peoples of Ethiopia and in particular the freedom of demonstration and expression and freedom of association;

6. Instructs its president to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the governments of the member States, the Ethiopian transitional government and the ACP States.

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