THE HUMAN RIGHTS SITUATION IN ETHIOPIA
July 16, 1992
It should be recalled that EHRCO in its Second Report had
indicated what appeared to be hopeful signs for the protection of
human rights in Ethiopia. After more than four months, however,
hope has turned into wishful thinking.
Compliance to legal procedures requires a firm commitment to due
process. In order to do this, there are no sufficient number of
trained, qualified, and experienced police force who could
undertake criminal investigation and eventually bring alleged
offenders to trial. EPRDF has almost totally disbanded the
Ethiopian police force without calculating the social risks
As a result, many persons are being detained without any criminal
investigation nor any appropriate legal measures in order to file
criminal proceedings within a short period of time. The Attorney
General's office which is empowered to regulate and control the
prosecution of criminals has not been operating effectively for
some time. The criminal courts which are duly authorised to see
criminal cases have not been fully operational for over a year.
The promise made by the Transitional Government that former
government, party and military officials and others detained will
be tried by an independent court in the presence of international
observers has not as yet materialised. Consequently, many persons
still remain in prisons without the benefit of due process. It is
unlawful to detain indefinitely and punish people unless proved
guilty by a competent court of law.
The Third Report of EHRCO, which is detailed below, consists
of complaints submitted to it from March to June of 1992. EHRCO's
report is mainly based on eye witness accounts and reports of
victims themselves or their relatives, friends and neighbours.
Only one case of the many extra-judicial executions has been
reported in the public press. EHRCO's staff and members do their
best to verify all the reports that EHRCO receives. Names, dates
and places are cited. For some cases of torture there are
photographs of the victims, although our present facilities do
not allow us to print them. EHRCO has a list of the authentic
names of all prisoners that are included in its report. It should
also be made clear that not all persons who have been victims of
human rights abuses are willing to testify for fear of more and
Whenever EHRCO's report includes unverified reports it is
clearly indicated as allegation. Such cases are mostly from
reports copied or submitted to EHRCO by various political or
ethnic organisations. Since these allegations are often not taken
up by the media, EHRCO provides these as information that may be
EHRCO believes that it is the responsibility of the
Transitional Government to maintain law and order. Any violation
of human rights by any type of organisation does not exonerate
the Transitional Government from responsibility. The Transitional
Government has the duty to bring all persons abusing the human
rights of persons to justice. It is sad to state that so far the
Transitional Government has not taken any legal step to correct
current human rights abuses. But the human rights abuses of the
Derg Period are its preoccupation. It is EHRCO's stand that
yesterday's abuses of human rights cannot be fundamentally
corrected as long as human rights continue to be abused today.
This does not, however, mean that those who committed gross human
rights abuses yesterday should not be brought to justice. So far,
however, it is only the media that plays the role of both the
attorney general and the courts.
2. Cases Of Serious Human Rights Violations
The most serious violations of human rights in Ethiopia
continue to be those affecting human lives.
2.1. Extra-judicial Executions: The following persons are known
to have been killed by members of EPRDF forces without any legal
basis or due process of law.
|Name of Deceased
||Place of Execution
||Date of Execution
||Addis Ababa K.21, Q.23
||Dire Dawa K.1, Q.04
|Stu. Mekonnin Tesfaye
||Addis Ababa K.4, Q.27
|Stu. Fitsum Tekle
||Addis Ababa K.4, Q.27
||Addis Ababa K.16, Q.22
||Addis Ababa K.3, Q.47
|Maj. Alemayehu Haile**
||Addis Ababa K.21 Q.32
||Addis Ababa K.2, Q.09
||Addis Ababa K.11, Q.09
||Addis Ababa K.9, Q.09
||Addis Ababa K.17, Q.23
||Popular Verdict, Ghinchi
||Semen Gonder, Armachiho
** killed near their homes; Stu. =student
2.2. Ato Tesfa Mikael Jiorjio, a noted political figure in
Eritrea, was shot and killed by unknown gunmen a couple of months
ago. We have not yet verified the date.
2.3. On February 9, 1992, at 2.30 A.M., Weizero Hareghewein
Sileshi was seriously shot twice on her left arm by a gun fired
by EPRDF forces. This happened at her home in Addis Ababa K. 19,
So far the Ethiopian public has never been given any assurances
that such flagrant violation of the right to life and the rule of
law will be respected. Nor has the Ethiopian public seen any such
offenders tried and convicted.
3. Loss of Life, Destruction of Property and
Displacement of Persons Due to Rivalry Between Ethnic
As reported by EHRCO previously, the suffering of the people
resulting from the rivalry and armed conflict generated by ethnic
organisations have not stopped. Consequently, loss of human
lives, serious suffering and much loss of property are still
continuing as could be substantiated from the various complaints
brought to the attention of EHRCO.
3.1. Complaint lodged by Christian Welfare Association of Ticho,
Sude, Ameya and Seru Weredas of Arsi: The Association has
complained of the following violations of human rights in Sude
1. That the Christian population in these areas could not lead a
2. That in Kulu, Derreba and Diksis towns the population has been
prevented from going to the market.
3. That bandits have taken away the flour mill of the people and
that Christians are prevented from using the flour mill of the
4. That 13 Christians have been massacred and that many are
detained and their property looted.
5. Serious problems have been reported from Arsi Administrative
Region, Arba Gugu, Merti Jegu, Gololcha Weredas. On January 30,
1992 at Merti Wereda at a place called Mofer Ghibi, the following
persons have been found killed by unknown persons: Indeshaw
Ghirefe, Missa Tadu, Ketema Jemaneh, Mulugheta Hailu and Taddese
6. On April 3, 1992, two young boys aged eighteen and twelve were
killed while going to water their cattle at a river in Arba Gugu
Awraja, Merti Wereda, Wereba Peasant Association.
7. In addition on April 7, 1992 within the same Arba Gugu Awraja
two other persons were killed.
3.2. In Southern Shewa Administrative Region, Haiqotch Awraja,
Arsi Neghelle Wereda non Oromo peoples living in the areas were
attacked by Arsi Oromos. The following disturbing results have
allegedly occurred since December 19, 1991 as reported by
representatives of the Amhara and the kembata living in that
I. 60 deaths,
II. 60 other persons wounded,
III.6205 heads of cattle looted,
IV.64 houses with corrugated iron roof destroyed,
V. Over 7246 houses set on fire,
VI.1200 barns set on fire,
VII. 14,520 quintals of cereals looted,
VIII.crops on farms with a total area of 247 hectares set on
IX.12,766 corrugated iron sheets looted,
X. 48 rifles expropriated illegally and forcefully,
XI.Church property estimated at about Br. 431,120 looted.
The total loss of houses and other properties is estimated to be
about Br. 931,782.
3.3. In Metekel Awraja, Diba Tena, Mandura Gungua Weredas the
representatives of the displaced Amharic speaking Moslems have
reported the following actions allegedly committed by the Beni
I.Many persons were burnt alive,
II.many men were castrated,
III.about 270 persons were shot and killed,
IV.6833 houses were burnt,
V.6833 houses of residents in nine peasant associations were
burnt down and the people were forcefully displaced,
VI.crops on farms and grains in stores as well as livestock were
either looted or burnt,
VII.185 mosques and schools were burnt.
As a consequence of all this some 60,000 persons are displaced
and are now under temporary open camps at Menta Wuha and Chagne
towns without any shelter, clothing and medical facilities.
3.4. Atrocities Committed At Bidden: The Atrocities committed
against peaceful residents in the town of Bidden is a serious
violation of human rights. It is the responsibility of any
government to maintain law and order and to protect the lives of
its citizens. However, it is frightening to note that there was
no established government force to maintain law and order in the
area. It is further strange that these atrocities have not been
revealed to the public for a long time. Even now, it is essential
that the government should give special attention to the
atrocities committed and bring to justice the persons responsible
for this horrible criminal act. It is also the right of the
Ethiopian public to know accurately what is presently happening
in Arab Gugu, Arsi.
3.5. The Complaint lodged by the All Amhara People's
Organisation - Zone 3 Council: The Organisation has lodged a
complaint to the Transitional Government with regard to violence
allegedly inflicted on the Amhara by EPRDF's OPDO (Oromo People's
Democratic Organisation) in Arba Gugu Awraja, Jeju, Aseko and
Guna weredas. It is stated that the loss of many lives and of
property has occurred in these areas since June of 1991. It is
alleged that armed Oromo groups along with OPDO forces, a part of
EPRDF, have fired against residents of Wemeta Lensho Peasant
Association, threatened the residents to surrender their weapons,
forced the people to attend a meeting and looted the property of
the church and the residents of the area. It is also alleged that
they had beaten and tortured many people.
Initially, the OPDO forcefully disarmed the residents in Arba
Gugu Awraja, Aseko Wereda Qebele Peasant Associations. Eventually
they returned the weapons to the Oromo people and not to the
Amharas. In Guna wereda, in the localities of Dima Achale, Dima
Bedaso, Dima Arera, it is reported that Amharic speaking persons
have been detained without cause.
The Organisation has requested that a committee of non-partisan
groups be dispatched to the area, investigate the situation, have
detained persons released, cause looted properties to be returned
to the owners and bring those responsible to trial.
3.6. Inhuman and Illegal Acts Committed Against the Guraghe
Ethnic Group in Kefa and Illubabor Administrative Regions: A fact
finding mission sent by the Guraghe People's Democratic Front
(GPDF) has ascertained that about 3000 persons of Guraghe ethnic
background had been displaced and that, in addition, Children are
dying and that nursing mothers are facing hardships due to lack
of medical care, shortage of food and shelter. The displacement
of the Guraghe population is mostly in the areas of Limu and
Diddessa Awrajas. Although the displacement of other ethnic
groups is comparatively small, non-Oromo ethnic people have also
been displaced. This illegal act is continuing and expanding to
adjacent areas causing the loss of life and destruction of
property of the people. Those responsible have not been brought
to trial, because, it is alleged, the instigators of such
unlawful actions are cadres of political organisations. The fact
finding team of GPDF alleges that the government has not
fulfilled its duty of maintaining peace and security in the area.
4. Victims Of Torture, Cruel And Inhuman Punishment
The legal procedures to be complied with respect to
interrogation of persons suspected on reasonable grounds of
having committed a crime, the taking of testimony after
appropriate investigation of the commission of a crime, is
clearly provided for in Ethiopian laws. No one should be
compelled, on grounds of mere suspicion, to be detained and then
forced to confess under torture or other cruel and inhuman
punishment. Such measures are in violation of the standards
provided for in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
The number of victims of this kind of violations of human rights
brought to the attention of EHRCO are eleven. Only four of these
have reported directly to EHRCO. For the others EHRCO has eye
witness accounts of inmates. Two of the victims were afraid to
testify to EHRCO. At present only one of the eleven remains in
prison. In order to safeguard the safety of those victims, their
names are not disclosed. However, the number of victims and the
prisons in which they were tortured are as follows:
||Seven victims in Addis
||K. 21, Q. 20 prison.
||Two victims in Addis
||Abuare Ammunition Depot
||One victim in Addis
||Nefas Silk Awraja
Ethiopian Freight Transport.
||One victim in Addis
||K. 21, Q. 25
5. Cases of "Disappearances"
A directive issued by the Transitional Government was
announced through the media on March 25, 1992. It stated that no
search would be undertaken in private premises at night; and that
appropriate assistance would be accorded to persons whose homes
were violated due to illegal search after the stated hours. It
has now been reported to EHRCO that searches and arrests are
undertaken in violation of the directive announced by the
government as well as the Charter and the Universal Declaration
of Human Rights. The following persons whose names and addresses,
including the house numbers of most of them, are indicated are
some of the persons arrested and taken from their homes by EPRDF
and whose present whereabouts are unknown.
||Date of Arrest
||Lt. Col. Mulugetta
||A.A. K.15 Q.15 House No.
||Master Tech. Solomon
||Debre Zeyit Fasil Hotel
||Lt. Mulugheta Birhanu
||A.A., K. 23, Q. 16,100
||Ato Ahmed Haji
||A.A., K. 9 Q. 11
||Col. Daniel Tesemma
||A.A., K. 18, Q. 15
||Col. Taddese Asfaw
||A.A., K. 24, Q.12,780
||Pvt. Tasew Seifu
||A.A., K. 24, Q. 12,780
||Col. Belatchew Ghirefe
||A.A., K. 22, Q.61,835
||Ato Ketema Desta
||A.A., K. 3, Q. 44,286
||Col. Befeqadu Disasa
||A.A., K. 10, Q. 02,275
||Lt. Asmamaw Tekle Worq
||A.A., K. 17, Q.19,654
* Those who were detained before March 25, 1992.
5.1. Disappearances After Being Taken From Their Homes
5.2. On 6/19/92 Weizero Sara Mekonnin, a former member of the
Eritrean Liberean Front (ELF), was abducted by unknown persons
driving a car while walking from her office (the Censorship
Department of the Ministry of Information) to take a taxi. To
this day her whereabouts are unknown.
5.3. Detained Military Persons Whose Whereabouts are Unknown:
According to information received from former inmates in Tollay
and family members, the whereabouts of the following former
military officers who were earlier under detention in Tollay
Detention Centre is presently unknown.
Lt. Lakew Tsegaye
Capt. Demisse Ayele
Capt. Menberu Belay
Col Mekonnin Ahmed
Lt. Yimam Ishetu
Col. Shelemaw Elmina
Major Teshome Ejersa
Col Temesghen Challa
The Persons mentioned under items 5.1., 5.2 and 5.3. above who
had earlier been arrested or detained and whose present
whereabouts are unknown should be produced and their whereabouts
made known and, if they have committed crimes, they should be
brought to trial as soon as possible.
6. Prisoners Of War
The present whereabouts of the following military
officers of the former regime who were taken as prisoners of war
in battle are unknown.
6.1. Brigadier General Beretta Ghemoraw, captured in Tigray
administrative region at the battle of Inda Sillase in January
6.2. Colonel Ghetahun Wolde Ghiorghis, Commander of the 103rd
Commando Division captured at the battle of Inda Sillase in
EPRDF has a responsibility to inform the Transitional Government
of the whereabouts of the above prisoners of war.
7. Status of Prisoners
In the Second Report of EHRCO the details of some 1720
prisoners were indicated. Amongst these were 816 former security
personnel in Holeta, 178 WPE members in the same town, 250 former
officials at Sendaffa, 231 in Addis Ababa prison, 86 in Bahir Dar
prison, and 58 in Menz Ghishe, Mehal Meda prison still waiting
for due process.
7.1. Nine prisoners have been released from some of the
prisons mentioned in EHRCO's previous reports. This number is
however very small as compared to those still under detention
without any investigation being undertaken for such a long period
of time. As it is said that "justice delayed is justice
denied", it is unfortunate that many people for various
unknown reasons are still under detention without any due
process. Some of these are detained for over a year without
sufficient food and medical treatment in some of the prisons.
7.2. Since the issuance of EHRCO's Second Report, new cases of
persons detained for many months without due process of law have
been submitted to it. EHRCO has a list of the names of all these
prisoners. The places of detention and the number of prisoners
reported to EHRCO are the following:
|Name of Prison
||No. of Prisoners
||Reason for detention
||716 Former army
|A.A 2nd Police Station
|A.A 2nd Police Station
|A.A, Qirqos Awraja
|A.A, 3rd Police Station.
|A.A, Nefas Silk Awraja
|A.A., K. 18 K. 33
||Former Awraja Officials
|Debre Zeyit Police
|Holeta Army camp
|A.A. K. 13 K. 09
|(Former residence of
Dej. Kebbede Tesemma)
|Ghedeb Asesa Arso
|West Gojjam (Akomait
|Unknown (Addis Abeba)
|A.A. K. 10 K. 16
|Debre Zeyit (Workshop)
||Red Terror 21, 14
|A.A. Bole Awraja
|Azezo, Gonder, Military
|Total No. of Prisoners
Among the detainees mentioned under item 5 above in Addis
Ababa 2nd police station, Ato Mes'hafe Sirak is a member of
EHRCO. Ato Mes'hafe Sirak was elected to the Provisional Qebele
Committee on April 20, 1992 by the Qebele residents. He was
detained on suspicion that he was a former WPE member and kept in
custody at the police station for over 20 days. After his release
the election committee and the Ministry of Internal Affairs of
the Transitional Government confirmed in writing that he is not a
member of WPE and therefore entitled to participate in the
election. This incident indicates that persons are being detained
unnecessarily without sufficient grounds and prior to appropriate
investigation being undertaken and without the right of bail.
The detainee, in Dilla prison, Ato Mamo Wojega, lecturer of law
at the commercial College of Addis Ababa, is also a member of
EHRCO. He was invited to participate at an election conference in
Dilla organised by Ghideo People's Democratic Organisation on
June 2, 1992. After the conference he was called to the office of
the Representative of the Transitional Government of the area and
informed that higher officials have ordered his detention. He is
still under detention without due process of law.
The detainees, at Azezo Military Camp are members of the
Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Party (EPRP) who were refugees
in Sudan. The EPRP Foreign Relations Committee has issued a
communiqu on June 5, 8 and 9 of 1992 to all concerned
organisations and human rights bodies complaining of the illegal
detention of its members in Ethiopia after having been arrested
in Sudan and handed over to the Transitional Government of
Ethiopia. One of these, a lady, was released recently.
It has been further reported to EHRCO that the prisoners detained
at some of the above detention centres and prisons are facing
difficulties due to lack of food and that the general prison
conditions are not satisfactory. Persons who have no relatives or
whose relatives do not know where they are face severe
8. Violations Of The Right To Work
In Addis Ababa Kefitgna 5, Qebeles 06, 12 and 19 over
1000 merchants who were running their small shops attached to
permanent buildings since about 1956 were ordered by the
Transitional Government to close down their shops. They have
complained that life is becoming difficult for them and their
families in view of the sudden and arbitrary action taken by the
government to close their shops. No plan was made for an
alternative place where these small merchants could operate.
9. Cases Of Displaced Persons:
9.1. Persons Displaced From Assab Facing Problems of
Retrieving Their Property: In May 1991 over 59 persons who were
former residents of Assab and engaged in private and government
business for many years were forced to vacate the area leaving
their movable and immovable properties when EPLF forces occupied
the port of Assab. After peace and stability was restored these
displaced persons had petitioned the office of the EPLF in Addis
Ababa and the Ethiopian Transitional Government to assist them
collect all their properties left behind at the time of the
evacuation. But to no consequence so far.
9.2. Military Personnel and Families Forcefully Evacuated from
Their Residences in Military Camps: The details of former
military personnel and their families evicted from their camps by
the transitional Government are provided in the tables below. No
arrangements were made for housing these persons. In fact, the
eviction was carried out on the eve of Easter, a very important
day for Ethiopian Christians.
|Name of Camp
||No. of Families
||No. of Persons
|4th Army Div.
|Tatek Civil Employees
9.3. Families of Deceased Military Personnel: The following
table illustrates the families of deceased military personnel,
mostly women and children. These are persons whose bread winners
have lost their lives in the battlefield. These, too, were
evicted from their camps without any arrangement for shelter.
|Name of Camp
||No. of Families
||No. of Persons
|4th Army Div.
10. The Labour Union Of The Commercial Bank Of Ethiopia
10.1. On March 16, 1992 the Vice President of the Labour Union of
the Commercial Bank of Ethiopia was arrested by persons who had
no warrant of arrest and released after being unlawfully detained
for 35 days at a special security prison and at the central
investigation department without any sort of investigation.
10.2. The President of the Labour Union was at the same time
being traced for arrest and his present whereabouts is unknown.
10.3. From the 89 congress members of the Labour Union of the
bank, 54 of them have been dismissed since December of 1991 and
are suffering along with their families. The bank account of the
Union has been blocked without any court order. Another account
opened in the name of the President and the Secretary of the
Union in which contributions by the bank staff were being
credited in order to help the dismissed Union officials has
likewise been blocked without any court order.
10.4. The issue as to whether or not the Union should be
dissolved is still pending at the courts. The grievances hearing
committee which had been established by the Transitional
Government and which decided to dismiss the employees of the bank
is not a legally constituted court of law; nor have the judges
been duly appointed by the judicial administration commission;
and, therefore, the decision has no legal validity.
11. Violations Of Right To Work And Pension
11.1. Civil servants forced to serve in the armed forces
by the Derg regime are not now reinstated in their previous
civilian jobs. Among such groups are 17 teachers from Arsi
Administrative Region and 93 other civil servants from various
11.2. Persons Unlawfully Pensioned: 26 former employees of the
Freight Transport Corporation who had been forced to be pensioned
off before their retirement age have complained of the decision
made without due process.
11.3. The following employees have been dismissed from their
respective jobs in violation of civil service regulations, the
labour laws and appropriate legislation. I.728 civil servants
from various government organisations.
II.5 employees of various government corporations.
III.1,496 employees from various institutions.
12. Violations Of Property Rights
It is to be recalled that under the Derg regime trucks
and buses of individuals were requisitioned to serve in the war
effort. Many vehicles and other property may have been thus
seized in battle by EPRDF. Now that EPRDF is the decisive part of
the Transitional Government, it is incumbent upon it to return
these properties to the rightful owners.
12.1. Trucks and Buses Seized by EPRDF
|Name of Owner
||Date of Seizure
||Place of Seizure
| Sidamo Transport Organisation
|Solomon H. Mariam
|Merressa W. Mariam
12.2. House Expropriated by OPDO-EPRDF
A couple, Ato Siyum Tadesse and Weizero Abebetch Mamo, have
complained that the representative of OPDO-EPRDF of Neqemte area,
Ato Ghetahun Qittasa as per written instructions of January 31,
1992 expropriated their home financed under a mortgage loan
granted by the Commercial Bank of Ethiopia, Neqemte branch.
12.3. Properties expropriated by OLF
12.3.1. It has been reported that in January of 1991 armed OLF
forces stopped the driver of Tanker plate No. AA 3-12954 with its
trailer fully loaded with Naphtha while the tanker was proceeding
to Dire Dawa from Assab and took the tanker trailer by force at
the town called Roda in Eastern Harerghe Administrative Region.
12.3.2. In the town of Deder property estimated at Birr 161,180
was reported to have been taken by the forces of OLF from the
residence and hotel of Ato Solomon Birqineh. The OLF forces
loaded the loot on eight trucks on January 10, 1992 and drove
13. Violations Of Freedom Of Movement
The Haji and Umra Pilgrimage Provisional Co-ordinating Committee
has reported in its various communications to EHRCO the
That the Ethiopian Transitional Government had refused to provide
regular passports to the Ethiopian pilgrims going to Mecca. They
were provided with laissez passer documents instead. Most of the
would-be pilgrims could not even get these documents after eight
months of hardship.
The Ethiopian Transitional Period Charter has accepted the UN
Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the General
Assembly under Resolution 217 A(III) of December 10, 1948. In it
Article 13 (2) states that everyone has the right to leave any
country, including his own, and to return to his country. It is
further provided under Article 18 that the rights of freedom of
conscience and religion are respected and that anyone is entitled
to manifest his religion or belief in worship and observance.
14. Wereda And Regional Elections
The preparations for the Wereda and regional elections
were marked by unusual national and international publicity. The
Ethiopian media was claiming that some 33 million Ethiopians will
be voting when the total population of voting age cannot be more
than 26 million. The elections were to be "the first
democratic elections in the history" of the country. They
were to chart a new path to democracy. More than 200
international observers came from nearly all the continents to
monitor these elections in various parts of the country.
When it was over, it was a very disappointing performance and a
very expensive exercise in futility. Several parties boycotted
the elections on allegations of threats and even arrests of their
candidates by the ruling party, EPRDF. The elections were marred
by serious irregularities from the registration of voters and
candidates to the voting procedures.
The verdict of the international observers was mostly negative.
The African-American Institute stated that these elections
"fell considerably short of the stated objectives" and
that "political intimidation and harassment were reported in
all parts of the country." The German Observer Group stated
that "the election results for the observed areas should not
be taken as fair and free reflection of the democratic will of
The Ethiopian Human Rights Council did not monitor the election
process directly. But information was being received by EHRCO
from Addis Ababa and from other places as well. EHRCO's
assessment of the elections is more fundamental than mere
procedures and technicalities: the necessary conditions for free
and fair elections did not and still do not exist in the country.
First, the monopoly of the media by the ruling party, EPRDF, in
which other parties could not compete in any meaningful way.
Second, there was neither time nor favourable conditions for all
candidates to move freely to all parts of the country and face
the voters. Only EPRDF had that prerogative. Third, the Ethiopian
people never knew what the issues in these elections were. None
of the parties debated the issues publicly. Fourth, there was
really no independent election commission and, therefore, the
registration of voters and of candidates could be managed by
EPRDF cadres and officials.
The Ethiopian people need peace and security. The only way
Ethiopia can have peace and security is to empower the people and
to allow them to exercise that power in a free and fair election,
i.e. through the democratic process. To believe that the
elections of June 21, 1992 were free and fair is to do a great
disservice to EPRDF and to Ethiopia as well as to the democratic
process. We must make greater effort and ensure the conditions
for having a free and fair election in the future.
The concerned officials of the Ethiopian Transitional
Government should take note that the violations of human rights
detailed in this report are violations of rights and freedoms
which are guaranteed by the charter and by the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights.
The respect of human rights is the basis for peace and democracy,
and therefore the government should rectify these violations and
give the Ethiopian people firm assurances that due process of law
shall be fully respected in practice. Any political organisation
or ethnic movement should disseminate its political program by
peaceful means, acknowledging the role of other organisations in
the political process. The use of force is not only undemocratic,
but also manifests the reliance of those organisations on force
rather than on the rule of law.
The Ethiopian people have suffered too much from wars and it is a
pity to see that the people are being instigated to another war.
EHRCO has repeatedly reminded political organisations to refrain
from violence and to undertake their political struggle
The Ethiopian Human Rights Council requests individuals residing
in Ethiopia or abroad, human rights organisations, governments,
international organisation, political and religious organisations
to support and promote the cause of human rights, the democratic
process and the rule of law in Ethiopia and to write to the
addresses stated hereunder requesting the rectification of the
violations outlined in the report.